El Zoetropito II: WIP

Yuri Endo 2012

As my previous zoetrope was too small and the rotation speed was too fast to catch the animation, I have decided to make a larger device with slower rotation speed. 


El Zoetropito: work in progress

Yuri Endo 2012

Introducing my DIY mini zoetrope, assembled with a plastic gun toy and plastic lid. As image sequences, 2 scene excerpts  from my stop-motion movie, The League of Extraordinary Illuminance are set on the lid to be spun. 


A little bit of Zoetrope

A zoetrope is a rotatable, cylindrical  (or sometimes liner) device with vertical slits, that produces the animation from a rapid succession of static images. When the images are scanned through slits while the cylinder rotates,  the viewer sees this rapid succession of image producing the illusion of motion.

The earliest known zoetrope was believed to be created by Chinese inventor Ting Huan around 180 AD, while the modern zoetrope was invented in 1833 by British mathematician William George Horner and  in the 1860s,  it was patented by English and American makers. Later American developer, William F. Lincoln, coined the term "zoetrope"  from the Greek words; zoo , meaning "alive, active", and trope, meaning "turn", then once they are combined, meaning "active turn" or "wheel of life." There are also similar inventions around the same period; such as the phenakistoscope and the stroboscope. 

Zoetrope's development continues into the 21st century, and the technique still has been widely used especially as art and entertainment forms. ( Ex. NYC Subway Zoetrope,  Studio Ghibli Museum exhibit


Ways of seeing: Experiment

Yuri Endo 2012

Depending on the viewing angle, you see that there are three different ways of viewing this image. When standing in the middle, you see the mixture of 2 images that I processed in my previous post. Once standing to the left, you see the goldfish, then shift your position to the right,  the skyscraper appears. 


Ways of seeing

I've worked on a simple optical illusion experiment, which the way that two images are placed on the cardboard creates optical illusions. Depending on where the viewer is standing, the images would look different. 

Below is the process I took for this experiment. 

Yuri Endo 2012



Inspired by Emporio Armani's window display for Autumn/Winter 2012 collection (which closely resembles Gasper Noé's Enter the Void poster)  I experimented with 3 different sets of image to see if I could achieve hologram-like effects by printing each image on sheets of  transparent film and layering them.

On that note, below images show the process of how I created said 3 images.  My next step is to print on transparent films and assemble them.  

Experiment 001:

*3 slightly offset images of a night street in Seoul 

*Processing in Photoshop for printing

Experiment 002: 

*A night image of Dotonbori, Osaka 

*Dividing the image into several layers 

Experiment 003: 

*A circular shape made out of 12 rectangles

Yuri Endo 2012


A little bit of Holography

Yuri Endo 2012

The theory of Holography was initially developed by British Hungarian Scientist, Dennis Gabor,  while working to improve the resolution of an electron microscope in the late 1940's. For this work, he won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1971.

Gabor coined the term "holography"  from the Greek words;  holos, meaning "whole," and grapho, meaning "message" and once they are combined, it means  "complete record of the image."

Holography is a technique which enables three-dimensional images to be made from two-dimensional surfaces. More precisely, a hologram ( holograph)  is an image created via exposure of a photosensitive material  to the light interference pattern caused by two laser light sources reflect on an object, thus making the image appear three-dimensional. (Under the use of a laser, interference, diffraction, light intensity recording and suitable illumination of the recording.) 

Unlike photographic image, the holographic image carries the complete information on three-dimensional structure of the object, in other words,  the holographic image changes as the perspective of a view-master in the same exact manner as if the object were existed in reality. However, if we try to touch the image, all we would find is mere focused light.

Today holograms are widely used for various purposes, such as security application ( credit cards, bank notes), product packaging, fancy gifts, art, registration of artifacts, new technology aircraft and  automobiles.

Last but not least, Salvador Dalí claimed to have been the first to employ holography artistically.


Return of the Luminobuster

Yuri Endo 2012

Since the completion of my research project,  Luminous Specimen in the late June,  I have been cogitating upon my next move for quite some time. Although my mind hasn't been fully set yet, I have started taking several analog approaches to gain fresh ideas.

As such, for next few weeks, I would like to explore a bit more on light and optic illusion, especially through the principal of Holography (holographic effects) and Zoetrope. Through those experiments, I am also hoping to rout out the digital equivalent of each technique, which can be ideally integrated with my previous research.