A zoetrope is a rotatable, cylindrical (or sometimes liner) device with vertical slits, that produces the animation from a rapid succession of static images. When the images are scanned through slits while the cylinder rotates, the viewer sees this rapid succession of image producing the illusion of motion.
The earliest known zoetrope was believed to be created by Chinese inventor Ting Huan around 180 AD, while the modern zoetrope was invented in 1833 by British mathematician William George Horner and in the 1860s, it was patented by English and American makers. Later American developer, William F. Lincoln, coined the term "zoetrope" from the Greek words; zoo , meaning "alive, active", and trope, meaning "turn", then once they are combined, meaning "active turn" or "wheel of life." There are also similar inventions around the same period; such as the phenakistoscope and the stroboscope.
Zoetrope's development continues into the 21st century, and the technique still has been widely used especially as art and entertainment forms. ( Ex. NYC Subway Zoetrope, Studio Ghibli Museum exhibit)