Introducing my DIY mini zoetrope, assembled with a plastic gun toy and plastic lid. As image sequences, 2 scene excerpts from my stop-motion movie, The League of Extraordinary Illuminanceare set on the lid to be spun.
A zoetrope is a rotatable, cylindrical (or sometimes liner) device with vertical slits, that produces the animation from a rapid succession of static images. When the images are scanned through slits while the cylinder rotates, the viewer sees this rapid succession of image producing the illusion of motion.
The earliest known zoetrope was believed to be created by Chinese inventor Ting Huan around 180 AD, while the modern zoetrope was invented in 1833 by British mathematician William George Horner and in the 1860s, it was patented by English and American makers. Later American developer, William F. Lincoln, coined the term "zoetrope" from the Greek words; zoo , meaning "alive, active", and trope, meaning "turn", then once they are combined, meaning "active turn" or "wheel of life." There are also similar inventions around the same period; such as the phenakistoscope and the stroboscope.
Depending on the viewing angle, you see that there are three different ways of viewing this image. When standing in the middle, you see the mixture of 2 images that I processed in my previous post. Once standing to the left, you see the goldfish, then shift your position to the right, the skyscraper appears.
I've worked on a simple optical illusion experiment, which the way that two images are placed on the cardboard creates optical illusions. Depending on where the viewer is standing, the images would look different.
Inspired by Emporio Armani's window display for Autumn/Winter 2012 collection (which closely resembles Gasper Noé's Enter the Void poster) I experimented with 3 different sets of image to see if I could achieve hologram-like effects by printing each image on sheets of transparent film and layering them.
On that note, below images show the process of how I created said 3 images. My next step is to print on transparent films and assemble them.
*3 slightly offset images of a night street in Seoul
Gabor coined the term "holography" from the Greek words; holos, meaning "whole," and grapho, meaning "message" and once they are combined, it means "complete record of the image."
Holography is a technique which enables three-dimensional images to be made from two-dimensional surfaces. More precisely, a hologram ( holograph) is an image created via exposure of a photosensitive material to the light interference pattern caused by two laser light sources reflect on an object, thus making the image appear three-dimensional. (Under the use of a laser, interference, diffraction, light intensity recording and suitable illumination of the recording.)
Unlike photographic image, the holographic image carries the complete information on three-dimensional structure of the object, in other words, the holographic image changes as the perspective of a view-master in the same exact manner as if the object were existed in reality. However, if we try to touch the image, all we would find is mere focused light.
Today holograms are widely used for various purposes, such as security application ( credit cards, bank notes), product packaging, fancy gifts, art, registration of artifacts, new technology aircraft and automobiles.
Last but not least, Salvador Dalí claimed to have been the first to employ holography artistically.
Since the completion of my research project, Luminous Specimen, in the late June, I have been cogitating upon my next move for quite some time. Although my mind hasn't been fully set yet, I have started taking several analog approaches to gain fresh ideas.
As such, for next few weeks, I would like to explore a bit more on light and optic illusion, especially through the principal of Holography (holographic effects) and Zoetrope. Through those experiments, I am also hoping to rout out the digital equivalent of each technique, which can be ideally integrated with my previous research.